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UK vs US threads?

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Timco
Timco Member Posts: 3,040
Will a UK part thread into a US radiator?

What mm is a 3/4" US tapping?

Thanks, Tim
Just a guy running some pipes.

Comments

  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    One direction it works. A male BSP will only start by a thread or two into a female NPT thread. Sometimes you can run a NPT tap into the fitting and widen it enough to grab additional threads.

    A male NPT will thread into a female BSP, but not tighten, as there is no taper. Use loctite and it will seal fine.

    Caleffi does have a wide selection of brass NPT to BSP close nipples, let me know what you are trying to adapt into that NPT, maybe I can get something to you.

    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • Ironman
    Ironman Member Posts: 7,397
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    @hot rod
    Do you have couplings that are 1.25" BSPT x NPT?
    Bob Boan
    You can choose to do what you want, but you cannot choose the consequences.
  • Charlie from wmass
    Charlie from wmass Member Posts: 4,333
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    if you use a union and run the tap clear through the BPS side would that work?
    Cost is what you spend , value is what you get.

    cell # 413-841-6726
    https://heatinghelp.com/find-a-contractor/detail/charles-garrity-plumbing-and-heating
  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    Ironman said:

    @hot rod
    Do you have couplings that are 1.25" BSPT x NPT?

    A nipple like this, or a union fitting?
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • Timco
    Timco Member Posts: 3,040
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    I have a rad with 1.25" npt tap. I'm getting a 3/4 or 1" equivalent part from UK male thread.
    Just a guy running some pipes.
  • icesailor
    icesailor Member Posts: 7,265
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    Question:

    Does the BSPT nave the same screw pitch in inches as NSPT?

    With what appears to be 1/8" NPT in inches has 28 Threads Per Inch according to a screw pitch gauge. Bit the BSPT has 27 TPI. Or the other way around. If you run a 1/8" NPT pipe tap to clean out the scuzz in a 1/8" BSPT, they wreck the threads.

    I had a inch/metric tap and die set and it had both sets. Not until I put a screw pitch gauge on it could I tell. That, and you couldn't run a tap in more than a couple of turns before it started cutting. Not so with the proper sized tap.

    Just asking.
  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    Check out the fitting section, should be something to turn the 1-1/4 FIP into whatever BSP you need

    http://www.caleffi.com/sites/default/files/caleffi/uploads/files/caleffi_catalog_2014.pdf
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • Larry_52
    Larry_52 Member Posts: 182
    edited February 2015
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    The problem with trying to mate British to NPT is the that the angles are different. Sometimes the pitch and size can be close or the same but the British thread is based on a whitworth 55deg round crest and NPT is based on 60deg flat crest. This is why depending on the size/pitch relation between the two types driving a tap into it works. Good time to get a lathe to solve this problem.
    CLamb
  • Ironman
    Ironman Member Posts: 7,397
    edited February 2015
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    hot rod said:

    Ironman said:

    @hot rod
    Do you have couplings that are 1.25" BSPT x NPT?

    A nipple like this, or a union fitting?
    Female threads. A union or coupling would work.

    I have a plate HX that has 1.25" BSPT nipples and need to get to NPT.

    Bob Boan
    You can choose to do what you want, but you cannot choose the consequences.
  • SWEI
    SWEI Member Posts: 7,356
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    Ironman said:

    Female threads. A union or coupling would work.

    I have a plate HX that has 1.25" BSPT nipples and need to get to NPT.

    A standard NPT coupling with some anaerobic thread locker might take care of it.
  • bob_46
    bob_46 Member Posts: 813
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    11/4" BSPT is 11 threads per inch, 11/4" NPT is 11 1/2 threads per inch plus the 55º vs 60º difference . On 1/2" and 3/4" pipe BSP and NPT are both 14 threads per inch thats why sometimes you can get away with it.

    There was an error rendering this rich post.

  • Charlie from wmass
    Charlie from wmass Member Posts: 4,333
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    You can get a 1" X 1 1/2" bushing and drill and tap the 1" side to 1 1/4" British.
    Cost is what you spend , value is what you get.

    cell # 413-841-6726
    https://heatinghelp.com/find-a-contractor/detail/charles-garrity-plumbing-and-heating
  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    Ironman said:

    hot rod said:

    Ironman said:

    @hot rod
    Do you have couplings that are 1.25" BSPT x NPT?

    A nipple like this, or a union fitting?
    Female threads. A union or coupling would work.

    I have a plate HX that has 1.25" BSPT nipples and need to get to NPT.

    An 1-1/4 nut, this tailpiece and a green gasket. This provides the conversion and a union
    Page 93 shows the tailpiece options, but, and gaskets

    http://www.caleffi.com/sites/default/files/caleffi/uploads/files/caleffi_catalog_2014.pdf
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
    Charlie from wmass
  • SWEI
    SWEI Member Posts: 7,356
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    Which piece on p.93?
  • Handi
    Handi Member Posts: 14
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    Larry hit the nail on the head .. His post explains correctly the difference between the two types of threads.. Yes Larry , running an NPT ( National Pipe Taper ) tap into a BSPT ( British Standard Pipe Taper ) will most often do the trick .( or vice versa if you have British tap set) Luckily the British use national standard sizes as we do for their nominal outside diameters ( and not a metric size ) however they do follow the metric tread form of 55 deg. with the round crest , as opposed to our 60deg sharp vee form . And yes the TPI ( Threads Per Inch) do differ ever so slightly .. I have cut NPT external threads on pipe , not an easy task and can only be done if the ( manual) lathe has a taper attachment to follow the ¾" per foot taper .. Any decent machine shop should be able to make you an adopter if they have the time .. Not a lot of places offer adopters ?? could be a niche market !!! ….. I have made some TP fitting for my plumbers /co-workers when they are too lazy to go to the supply house or are in a pinch .
  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    It's a little confusing.
    A 1/2 BSP nut fits 3/4 NPT
    3/4 nut fits 1" NPT
    1" nut fits 1-1/4 NPT
    1-1/4 nut fits 1-1/2 NPT

    then select the tailpiece either NPT or sweat, add a green fiber gasket.

    So if you had a flat plate HX with 1" NPT thread page 92 shows some options.

    If you connect onto a NPT pipe thread, for example, file or sand the end flat so the gasket seals.

    So here is an example

    A 1" brass street ell, with a sanded face for the gasket to seal against.

    A 3/4 nut and a tailpiece, or 3/4 SolarFlex with a flattened end, would fit to that..

    Below are nuts from 1/2- 1-1/2

    Some can be used with reducing tailpieces as the one shown, which also has a hemp thread.
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • Handi
    Handi Member Posts: 14
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    hot rod ...I think I now understand what you were trying to explain . It took me a while to get the hang of the Caleffi catalog that was posted .. If the catalog would call out their BSPT sizes the same way the call out the NPT thread it would simplify things ..
    Here are a few examples of the way the catalog works ( I think !)

    From page 76 of the Caleffi catalog -
    Double nipple - code NA12122 —> ¾" X ¾" male
    ( I believe this to be a BSPT- (British Standard Pipe Taper)

    Not to be confused with the similar looking fitting just below it which is :
    Double nipple - code NA12172 —> ¾" NPT X ¾" NPT
    (there is no question about what this is )
    So if one were looking to go directly from NPT to BSPT ( or vice versa) here are some examples that might work.
    From page 77 of the same catalog . -
    code —> NA10064 - 1" NPT X 1" male thread.
    ——or ——
    code — > 61215A - 1"NPT (female) X 1 ¼"( male) Threaded bush.
    ( I believe these to be adaptors that go directly from NPT -> BSPT.)
    I hope I got it right .. if not then a call to Caleffi in WI. might explain things .
  • Larry_52
    Larry_52 Member Posts: 182
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    @Handi.

    You don't have to have a taper attachment for a lathe to cut tapered threads. You can turn the piece on center and move the tail stock off center to attain whatever taper you desire. Off course this is a pain because you constantly have to reset center on the tail stock later if you need to use it for it traditional purpose.

    I cut threads for pipe nipples at 3" or above on my manual Lathe with a bull nose center. It does have the taper attachment making life much easier. I also use it for piping oddball fittings, like recently a flush face pipe plug for a convection radiant radiator to clear the incoming steam line. By far my most favorite tool in my arsenal.

    I am pretty sure only unified 60deg thread is flat crested and not pointed (which NPT falls under). It was pointed when it was American standard thread but was changed to flat crested unified after WW2 to reduce stress risers. The British whitworth thread was thread for thread stronger than American standard thread because they had the rounded crest reducing stress risers so the unified thread flattened the crest. At least that's what I remember from an old machinist handbook somewhere.
    SWEI
  • Handi
    Handi Member Posts: 14
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    Once again larry you are correct. Of course there a several different ways to cut a taper on the lathe .. I referred to the "taper attachment" It's because it's the simplest. To use the tailstock offset method one needs a rather large live center or make an end plate to blank off the pipe .. Often it's a bit difficult to get the pipe to run true using a tailstock L.C. due to the pipe end not being cut square or I.D. not concentric with O.D.
    Again you are correct in saying that the 60 deg. is no longer a sharp vee at the end , it did get a flat .. but the root is still a sharp vee.. The rounded design from the European style is of course stronger.
    too bad not many young ones are following the machine shop trades . In a few years it will die out ..Glad to see the plumbing trade still is attracting a rather large following . there's nothing better than a lathe with full attachments it can work wonders in the right hands ..
    Thanks for the reply..
    BerntKruse
  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    Handi said:

    hot rod ...I think I now understand what you were trying to explain . It took me a while to get the hang of the Caleffi catalog that was posted .. If the catalog would call out their BSPT sizes the same way the call out the NPT thread it would simplify things ..
    Here are a few examples of the way the catalog works ( I think !)

    From page 76 of the Caleffi catalog -
    Double nipple - code NA12122 —> ¾" X ¾" male
    ( I believe this to be a BSPT- (British Standard Pipe Taper)

    Not to be confused with the similar looking fitting just below it which is :
    Double nipple - code NA12172 —> ¾" NPT X ¾" NPT
    (there is no question about what this is )
    So if one were looking to go directly from NPT to BSPT ( or vice versa) here are some examples that might work.
    From page 77 of the same catalog . -
    code —> NA10064 - 1" NPT X 1" male thread.
    ——or ——
    code — > 61215A - 1"NPT (female) X 1 ¼"( male) Threaded bush.
    ( I believe these to be adaptors that go directly from NPT -> BSPT.)
    I hope I got it right .. if not then a call to Caleffi in WI. might explain things .


    Correct unless it states NPT, it is a BSP. Sorry about the confusion, marketing took over, and they are not plumbers :)

    We do have some transition nipples page 92 for example NA10064 is a NPT X BSP in 1"

    The BSP end has a wide face so a fiber gasket can seal. Most of these were developed for SolarFlex adapters, which seals with a fiber gasket.
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • Handi
    Handi Member Posts: 14
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    @ hot rod …
    Thanks for the explanation. I finally got one right .haah
  • Larry_52
    Larry_52 Member Posts: 182
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    Handi said:


    too bad not many young ones are following the machine shop trades . In a few years it will die out ..Glad to see the plumbing trade still is attracting a rather large following . there's nothing better than a lathe with full attachments it can work wonders in the right hands ..
    Thanks for the reply..

    Yep agreed but on the bright side when it dies out I will be able to purchase a Monarch 10EE for less than $500 bucks on ebay and kick my SB13 to the curb. Can't wait to explain to my wife why I have chain falls in my kitchen trying to rig the biggest piece of cast iron ever created for a 10" lathe into my basement.

  • hot_rod
    hot_rod Member Posts: 22,468
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    I'm far from a machinist but I still spin out projects on this 1945 vintage Atlas that my dad bought. He sent $$ home while serving in Germany during WW2 to buy this.
    Bob "hot rod" Rohr
    trainer for Caleffi NA
    Living the hydronic dream
  • vaporvac
    vaporvac Member Posts: 1,520
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    @Hotrod . Sorry, but when I click to link it says "page not found".
    Two-pipe Trane vaporvacuum system; 1466 edr
    Twinned, staged Slantfin TR50s piped into 4" header with Riello G400 burners; 240K lead, 200K lag Btus. Controlled by Taco Relay and Honeywell RTH6580WF
  • bob_46
    bob_46 Member Posts: 813
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    same on all Hot Rod attachments today even on other threads

    There was an error rendering this rich post.

  • BerntKruse
    BerntKruse Member Posts: 5
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    Never use a NPT thread on a BSP thread. You will damage the thread and it isnt a sustainable seal. there are plenty of suppliers offering british metrics in the states (BrittischMetrrcis, Swiss Fittings AG etc.)
    Jez1978