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Gas pressure and meter readings
Mike Kusiak_2
Member Posts: 604
in Gas Heating
When you have gas metered and entering the house at say 2 psi, how do you compensate when clocking the meter to check the firing rate? Since the density of gas increases with pressure, one cu ft of gas at 2 psi will deliver more BTU than one cu ft after being regulated down to 7" or 8" wc at the boiler. What is the standard pressure at which 1 cu ft of gas delivers about 1020 BTU?
Does the gas company then adjust the measured reading at 2 psi to bill you for therms with different conversion factor?
What brings this to mind is the discussion in this thread:
<a href="http://www.heatinghelp.com/forumthread/139525/SystemloadvsBurneroutput">http://www.heatinghelp.com/forumthread/139525/SystemloadvsBurneroutput</a>
The owner was advised to clock the gas meter to check his firing rate, but the results are inconsistent with the specs of the burner and the actual performance of the system. Gas is metered at 2 psi and then regulated down to less than 1/2 psi at the boiler.
So in this case, how do you accurately measure the firing rate by clocking the meter?
Does the gas company then adjust the measured reading at 2 psi to bill you for therms with different conversion factor?
What brings this to mind is the discussion in this thread:
<a href="http://www.heatinghelp.com/forumthread/139525/SystemloadvsBurneroutput">http://www.heatinghelp.com/forumthread/139525/SystemloadvsBurneroutput</a>
The owner was advised to clock the gas meter to check his firing rate, but the results are inconsistent with the specs of the burner and the actual performance of the system. Gas is metered at 2 psi and then regulated down to less than 1/2 psi at the boiler.
So in this case, how do you accurately measure the firing rate by clocking the meter?
0
Comments

Mike a good question
Gas pressure and meter readings
When you have gas metered and entering the house at say 2 psi, how do you compensate when clocking the meter to check the firing rate? Since the density of gas increases with pressure, one cu ft of gas at 2 psi will deliver more BTU than one cu ft after being regulated down to 7" or 8" wc at the boiler. What is the standard pressure at which 1 cu ft of gas delivers about 1020 BTU?
TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE I HAVE ALWAYS CALCULATED A CUBIC FOOT THE SAME NO MATTER WHAT THE PRESSURE PASSING THROUGH THE METER. THE REASON BEING IT IS REDUCED TO WHATEVER THE REQUIRED OUTLET PRESSURE IS ON THE RATING PLATE WHICH CAUSES IT TO FIRE AT RATED INPUT ALSO ON THE RATING PLATE. THIS IS HOW WE SIZE ORIFICES SO WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES THE PRESSURE DELIVERED MATTER. REGULATORS CONTROL PRESSURE ORIFICES CONTROL FLOW.
Does the gas company then adjust the measured reading at 2 psi to bill you for therms with different conversion factor?
YES A DIFFERENT METER IS REQUIRED ON REQUEST FROM THE UTILITY WHICH AS ALL METERS DO MEASURES AT A COMPENSATED TEMPERATURE OF 60° F. IT IS ALSO CALIBRATED FOR PRESSURE DIFFERENCE AND ALSO MOST METERS IF YOU LOOK AT THEM ARE RATED FOR UP TO 5 PSIG.
What brings this to mind is the discussion in this thread:
http://www.heatinghelp.com/forumthread/139525/SystemloadvsBurneroutput
The owner was advised to clock the gas meter to check his firing rate, but the results are inconsistent with the specs of the burner and the actual performance of the system. Gas is metered at 2 psi and then regulated down to less than 1/2 psi at the boiler.
So in this case, how do you accurately measure the firing rate by clocking the meter?
THE METER WILL ONLY MEASURE WHAT FLOWS THROUGH THE METER SO CLOCKING SHOULD NOT BE AFFECTED. I FIND MANY CONTRACTORS DO NOT CLOCK BURNERS CORRECTLY AS FAR AS CALCULATIONS GO.
To make sure I am correct I will run this by one of my friends at gas measurement at the utility.
In looking at for example piping tables for sizing gas pipe the tables list on Page 37 of the International Fuel Gas Code Natural gas, inlet pressure of 5 lbs, allowable pressure drop of 3.5 psi at specific gravity of 0.60 in fact in all the charts the specific gravity is .6 regardless of pressure.0 
Correct clocking of a 2PSIG Meter
When ever you have a high pressure meter set, you must compensate for the increased volume of gas at low pressure. So multiply your calculated consumption by 1.13
So say you take 34 secconds on a 1 cu foot dial:
3600 [secs /hr] X 1 [cu ft dial size] X 1020 [local btu value of gas]
________________________________________________
34 [secconds]
=108 000 X 1.13 [2 PSIG conv]= 122 040 BTUs / hr actual consumption rate.
Note due to the limit of how accurate you are eyeballing the time, your calculation will only have accuracy of about +/ 3%
The gas utility calculates the difference between differing service pressures in the billing process.Home Owners Please Note:
You are receiving advice from some very skilled pros completely free of charge. One of the reasons I participate is to sharpen my own troubleshooting skills. So; did we get it right? I would be grateful if you extend this courtesy back by posting the final outcome of the issue you are inquiring about. Thanks0 
z
Home Owners Please Note:
You are receiving advice from some very skilled pros completely free of charge. One of the reasons I participate is to sharpen my own troubleshooting skills. So; did we get it right? I would be grateful if you extend this courtesy back by posting the final outcome of the issue you are inquiring about. Thanks0 
Mike
If you are wondering where the correction factor comes from.
C.F. = meter pressure (PSIA) / sales pressure (PSIA)
Sales pressure is usually 7" W.C. = .25 PSI
Note; to convert to PSIA add atmospheric pressure at the meter location.
Example: for 2 LB. service.
Meter pressure = 2 + 14.735 = 16.735PSIA divided by sales pressure = .25 + 14.735
= 14.985 PSIA = C.F. 1.116bob0 
Thanks for the info
After I posted the question, I also found this PDF which confirms what was said above regarding the calculation for the correction factor for higher pressures than standard and the difference it makes when clocking the meter.
http://www.elsteramericanmeter.com/en/downloads/EAMOM0001.pdf
Its interesting that the local atmospheric and standard pressure at a given location is taken into account when doing the correction.
In my area gas is always delivered from the street at about 7" to 8" wc, so I never considered the possibility of clocking at higher pressures.0 
Mike and others
I want to thank my good friend Bob Morse (Connecticut Natural Gas Company) for steering me in the right direction on this topic.
If you have a 2009 version of NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1 National Fuel Gas Code go to page 54118, 119 and 120 for the formula and also Table A.11.1.1 (revised in the 2009 edition) for a table that gives gas flow rates at 7" W.C.(0.25 psi) 11" W.C.(0.40 psi) and 55.4" W.C.(2 psi). If anyone wants that data and you do not have access to NFPA 54 contact me at [email protected] and I will either fax it to you or for a postal address mail it to you.
I knew I had seen something on this just could not find it so now we know, I am going to actually alter one of my manuals I sell to include this information. So much we needs to know to do this job correctly.0
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