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# What is \"Feet of Head\"?

Member Posts: 6
I think the circulator may be too small for my system. I've looked at the TACO 0xx-F5 data sheet. I understand how to read the graph, but I'm not exactly sure what is meant by "Head-Feet" or "Feet of Head".

There's about 20' of 1.5" pipe between the boiler and the 1st radiator in the nearest zone. There's about 40' of 3/4" pipe to 1st radiator in the farthest zone. Is that the information I need to select the right circulator?

Also, if anyone can tell me the recommended gpm thru Buderus G234x-45 and G124x-25 boilers, I need that too.

• Member Posts: 398

I believe that feet of head refears to the vertical # of feet your pump is trying to raise water or whatever. Im sure the resistance caused by the length of pipe weighs in but the head is over coming gravety, Lifting water up
• Member Posts: 781

It is the measure of resistance to flow through any given piping system. To figure the "head", measure the longest run of piping in the system (from the boiler and back), add 50% and then multiply by .04. That will give you the head. If you have a commercial pump and can measure the pressure on both sides of the pump, find the difference and multiply by 2.3 and you have your system head pressure. It's simple math.

• Member Posts: 49

is the force the circulator develops to overcome pressure drop, it refers to the circulators ability to over come friction,,,,,,,,in other words you must take into account the number of fittings, & the size of the pipiing network,,,,,,,as for as the circulator is concerned the height of the system does not exist, that is static pressure and has no affect on the circulator,,,,,,,,,lifting the water is a function of the feed valve,,,,,,,
• Member Posts: 781

The pump curves you are seeing represent the potential feet of mechanical head energy that particular pump is capable of developing, depending on the piping circuit resistance to flow, expressed in "feet of head". Use the methods expressed in other posts to estimate your circuit, and choose the appropriate circulator.

Jed
• Member Posts: 74

The weight of the water going up is counteracted by the weight of the water going back down in the sealed system. Is this why its static?
• Member Posts: 16,714
Also

the amount of actual resistance the water encounters will depend on how much water you're trying to move thru the pipes. This is the reason we should use such small circulators on gravity conversions- the pipes are large, the flow rate is low, so the resistance is low.

All Steamed Up, Inc.
Towson, MD, USA
Steam, Vapor & Hot-Water Heating Specialists
Oil & Gas Burner Service
Consulting
• Member Posts: 6
How much is too much?

My system has 1 circ pushing into the boiler, and I have 5 zones. Recommended flow thru G124/25 is 10gpm. Typically, only 1 zone calls at a time, but it's rare that more than 2 call at a time. Zone1 is easily the most active.

I've calculated my FTHD and the gpm generated by a TACO 0011 on each zone:

Zone1: 10.8 FTHD, 22gpm
Zone2: 9.0, 23
Zone3: 6.6, 24.5
Zone4: 7.2, 24
Zone5: 6.0, 25

Are these flow rates simply too high?
• Member Posts: 546

is just a way of quantifying how much resistance to flow a pump can overcome. Of course this will vary as the amount of fluid being moved through the pump changes.

A pump that can move 5gpm at 10' of head can literally move 5 gpm of water out of the end of a pipe that's 10' above the pump outlet. If you need to move 6gpm you may have to shorten the pipe to 9'.

As far as flow through a cast iron boiler like these it's generally not the concern it is with a condensing boiler. What is a concern though is making sure the return water gets hot quickly enough to not make these condensing boilers. You mentioned radiators. If these are cast iron with iron piping this would probably be a concern.
• Member Posts: 546
What size are the pipes?

You want to stay under 4fps.
• Member Posts: 31
static

thfurnitureguy,,,,,,,,,,,,,,sorry it took me so long to reply,,,,,,you are correct,,,,,,The first time I attended a seminar of Dan's, I think he was still sponsored by B&G, and they have this great little book they handed out at the seminar titled "It Ain't the Same!" (CounterPoint) "How Hydronic System components Really Work"
It is written in wonderfully plain English, just like Dan's books,,,in fact I'm not sure that he did not have a hand in this or write it himself,,,,

In one section "Circulator's Job descripition", along with illustrations you are asked to think of the circulator as the motor on a ferris wheel. A Ferris wheel motor does not provide lift, the weight going up is balanced by the weight coming down. The motor's only function is to overcome the friction of the bearings and the air to set the wheel in motion. So a circulator only has to overcome the friction in the piping system to set the water in motion as the weight(static pressure) is perfectly balanced with the same pressure going up as coming down, as you mentioned,

Jim
• Member Posts: 6
Cast iron - yes

The longest loop is 1.25" cast iron pipe and bb. Everyone says that they suck more heat out of the water than copper bb, but no one can tell me how much.

Please check my calculations: 10 gpm = 2.6 ft/sec thru a 1.25" dia pipe. I should be OK thru the iron, but 10 gpm thru the 3/4" copper bb is 7.2 ft/sec. Is that a problem?
• Member Posts: 6

Great information guys! Thanks!
• Member Posts: 151

Water weighs 62.4 lb/ft^3

According to Daniel Bernoulli:

Divide the pressure in lb/ft^2 by 62.4 lb/ft^3 and you get ft. This is referred to as "pressure head".

Divide the fluid velocity squared by 2*32.2ft/s^2 and you get ft. This is "velocity head".

Simply subtract the final elevation from the initial elevation to obtain "elevation head"

Pumps work by creating velocity head and converting it to pressure head.

To convert psi to ft of head multiply by 144/62.4 (1psi=2.3066ft)

Head loss is fairly complicated, but it essentially has two sources: shear stress at the pipe wall and turbulence at irregularities like valves and fittings. There are all kinds of short cuts to estimate these values, but it depends on the material of the pipe and the type of valves and fittings present in the system.

-Andrew
• Member Posts: 546

10gpm through 3/4" copper is WAY excessive. Velocity should be 2-4fps according to people much smarter than me.
• Member Posts: 703
Feet of head is unit of measure for pressure

Centrifugal pumps use ft of hd,as opposed to psi. the conversion is divided by 2.31 to psi. the pressure in the system or the system curve is calculated by the flow rate required through a length of pipe at the diameter specified, plus valves, fittings, and the pressure drop through the boiler. Knowing all of this gives the design engineer the operating point of the pump on its curve.

Taco, Inc.
Joe Mattiello
Technical Service Technician
[email protected]
401-942-8000 X 484
www.taco-hvac.com
Joe Mattiello
N. E. Regional Manger, Commercial Products
Taco Comfort Solutions
• Member Posts: 6,232
WEll Feet of Head is an Irish term...it evolved over many

centries...for the most part as near as we have been able to ascertain one takes a 80 gallon beer mug, and pours a full Barrel of stout from height of 6 foot above the mug,....as fast as it can be done...then one takes the yard stick and measures from the top of the stout to the top of the Head.....I hope this helps. if you get it wrong the first time no problem divi up the stuff roight fast and gie er another go .*~/:) Happy Saint Patricks dae.
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